Inserting a peripheral venous IV catheter is a widespread medical procedure performed in the United States. Available information provides, about 200 million catheters are inserted in the US every year, and about 70% of all hospitalized patients get one in the period of their admission.
A peripheral venous IV catheter makes it possible for hydration fluids, blood products, and nutritional supplements to be infused into the patient. The most common site for this insertion is the veins of the arm. This procedure is relatively simple and straightforward and can be mastered with the proper training and experience.
During this process, a needle is inserted into the vein and a plastic catheter is slipped over the needle and right into the vein. At this point, the needle can be removed and the catheter is left inside the vein to deliver whatever liquid the patient needs.
Peripheral IVs are usually needed for short periods and constitute a fast, safe and convenient way to administer different types of fluids to a patient. As fast and easy as it is to administer, inserting peripheral IVs can be bungled which can lead to serious complications for the patient.
IV Infiltration and Extravasation
With both infiltration and extravasation, whatever fluid that is administered to the client leaks into the surrounding tissue instead of the vein that it is meant for. This can occur due to different reasons, including improper catheter insertion, clot formation, and catheter dislodgement.
The difference between the two is the type of fluid that is leaked into the surrounding tissue. In infiltration, the fluid that leaks is non-toxic (usually hydration fluid), which, while uncomfortable, does not cause blistering or burns. Extravasation, on the other hand, involves leakage of toxic fluid and can cause severe tissue damage.
Signs and Symptoms of IV Infiltration and Extravasation
There are some common signs and symptoms of IV Infiltration and Extravasation which include:
- Pain, swelling, and redness at the site of infusion
- A cool sensation followed by burning in the surrounding tissue
- Discoloration of the skin around that region
- If the flow of the fluid being administered decreases
- A tingling, pins, and needle feeling around the site of infusion.
Where To Find The Best Medical Malpractice Lawyer For Your IV Infiltration and Extravasation Case In Pittsburgh
Frischman and Rizza is the perfect medical malpractice attorney for your IV Infiltration and Extravasation Malpractice case. With over 35 years of experience, Frischman and Rizza have the right resources and expert lawyers to help you win the most significant compensation possible.
To book a consultation with an expert medical malpractice lawyer to discuss your case, visit their official website.